What is Order Management And Why Your Business Needs to Implement It


By Komal Puri | June 29, 2023

In the fast-paced world of modern business, order management plays a pivotal role in ensuring customer satisfaction, operational efficiency, and overall success. This comprehensive guide will take you through the intricacies of order management and its critical role in today's business landscape.

What is Order Management

Order management is the process of efficiently handling customer orders from the moment they are placed until they are fulfilled. It includes order entry, processing, inventory management, shipping, invoicing, and customer communication. It plays a critical role in guaranteeing precise and prompt order fulfillment, ultimately resulting in customer contentment and efficient resource allocation.

The Order Management Lifecycle

Efficient order management is the heartbeat of successful businesses, guiding each order through a journey from entry to fulfillment, ensuring customer satisfaction, and driving operational excellence. These are the steps involved:

Order Entry

The order management process begins with order entry. This stage marks the beginning of the entire order-processing journey.

Data Entry and Validation

Once orders are received, they need to be entered into the system. Accurate data entry and validation are crucial as they lay the foundation for the rest of the order management process.

Order Processing

After the orders are accurately entered and validated, the next phase in the order management lifecycle is order management processing. Maintaining a transparent inventory overview and effectively managing it is crucial to ensure orders are promptly and accurately fulfilled.

Order Fulfillment

Order fulfillment involves preparing the order for shipment to the customer. This involves selecting the items from the warehouse as per the order, ensuring secure packaging, and labeling the package accurately. 

Efficient order fulfillment processes can significantly impact customer satisfaction, as well as operational efficiency by reducing errors and minimizing the time and resources required to complete each order.

Shipping and Logistics

Shipping and logistics are crucial aspects of order management process. Once the order is prepared, it needs to be dispatched to the customer through the chosen shipping method. 

Effective shipping and logistics management ensures that orders are delivered in a timely and cost-effective manner while minimizing the risk of shipping-related issues.

Order Tracking

The order isn't complete once it's shipped. Keeping track of orders after they've left the warehouse is equally important.

  • Real-time Visibility

Having real-time visibility into the status and location of orders is of paramount importance. This visibility allows businesses to monitor progress, provide proactive issue resolution, give estimated delivery times, and provide timely notifications to customers.

  • Notifications and Alerts

Notifications and alerts play a significant role in keeping both customers and businesses informed about the status of orders. Order tracking and notifications are vital for order management as they help maintain transparency and keep customers well-informed. 

They contribute to a positive customer experience by reducing uncertainty and allowing customers to plan for the receipt of their orders.

Order Invoicing and Payment

Once an order has been successfully delivered, the next phase is to manage the financial aspects, which include invoicing and payment processing.

  • Generating Invoices

Invoices play a crucial role in financial record-keeping, ensuring accurate billing for customers, and creating a transparent transaction record for both parties.

  • Payment Processing

Payment processing involves receiving and managing payments from customers. Efficient payment processing ensures that businesses receive payments promptly and that customers have a smooth experience when settling their bills.

Order Returns and Refunds

While businesses aim to provide a seamless shopping experience, there are times when customers need to return products or request refunds.

  • Handling Returns

Handling returns is an integral part of order management. Efficient return handling can turn a potentially negative customer experience into a positive one, as customers appreciate a hassle-free return process.

  • Refund Processes

Refund processes involve returning the customer's money or providing compensation for returned items. Refunds are a vital part of customer service and can be an opportunity to build trust and loyalty with customers, even when an order doesn't go as planned.

Best Practices in Order Management

Efficient order management isn't just about following the order management lifecycle; it's also about implementing best practices that enhance the overall process.

Automating Order Entry

Automating order entry streamlines the order management process, minimizing errors and accelerating order fulfillment.

  • Benefits of Automation
    Automation in order entry offers numerous advantages:
    • Error Reduction: Automation minimizes the risk of data entry errors, guaranteeing precise order processing.

    • Time Savings: Automation can process orders much faster than manual data entry, allowing for quicker order fulfillment.

    • Scalability: As a business grows, automation can handle a higher volume of orders with ease.

  • Tools and Software
    Implementing order management software or customer relationship management (CRM) systems with order entry automation capabilities can streamline the process. These systems can capture orders from various channels and integrate with inventory management, order management processing, and shipping systems.

Inventory Management

Effective inventory management optimizes stock levels, reducing holding costs and ensuring product availability.

  • Just-in-Time Inventory
    Just-in-time (JIT) inventory management is a strategy designed to reduce inventory holding costs by receiving goods precisely when they are required in the production process. Benefits include reduced storage costs and the ability to adapt to changes in demand.

  • Safety Stock
    Maintaining safety stock (buffer stock) is essential to prevent stockouts due to unexpected spikes in demand or delays in the supply chain. Calculating safety stock levels involves understanding demand patterns and lead times.

Order Routing and Prioritization

Efficient order routing and prioritization save on shipping costs and enhance delivery times.

  • Efficient Routing Strategies
    Routing strategies determine how orders are allocated to different distribution centers or stores. Efficient routing can minimize shipping costs and delivery times.

  • Prioritizing Orders
    Prioritization is essential when dealing with a high volume of orders. Critical considerations include customer preferences, order value, and any special handling requirements.

Order Accuracy and Quality Control

Implementing stringent order accuracy and quality control measures mitigates errors and enhances customer satisfaction.

  • Quality Assurance Processes
    Implement quality control checks at each stage of the order management process to catch errors before they lead to shipping issues or customer dissatisfaction.

  • Error Reduction Techniques
    Train staff to be vigilant and detail-oriented, and implement double-check processes to minimize errors in order entry, picking, packing, and labeling.

Customer Communication

Effective customer communication during order management processing fosters trust and reinforces a positive customer experience.

  • Keeping Customers Informed
    Proactive customer communication throughout the order management process is crucial, encompassing order confirmations, shipping notifications, and delivery confirmations.

  • Handling Customer Inquiries
    Offer convenient and accessible customer inquiry channels for order-related assistance. Swift and informative responses can greatly improve the overall customer experience.

Efficient order management practices not only streamline operations but also elevate customer satisfaction and optimize resource management.

Why Your Business Needs Accurate Order Management Processing

Accurate order management process is the linchpin of customer satisfaction, cost efficiency, decision-making, and reputation building. In this section, we explore the profound impact of accurate order management processing on businesses and their bottom lines.

Impact on Customer Satisfaction

Customer satisfaction is paramount in today's competitive business landscape. Accurate order management processing directly influences customer satisfaction in several ways:

  • Timely Delivery: Precise order processing guarantees on-time delivery, resulting in a positive customer experience.

  • Order Accuracy: Mistakes in orders, such as wrong items or quantities, can lead to frustration and dissatisfaction. Accurate order management processing prevents such errors.

  • Transparent Communication: Accurate order tracking and communication with customers contribute to a sense of trust and transparency.

  • Problem Resolution: Accurate orders are less likely to result in returns or complaints, reducing the need for customer service intervention.

  • Repeat Business: Happy customers are more inclined to become loyal repeat customers and enthusiastic brand advocates.

Cost Efficiency and Resource Management

Accurate order processing directly impacts cost efficiency and resource management in several ways:

  • Inventory Costs: Effective order processing reduces the need for excessive safety stock, lowering holding costs.

  • Labor Efficiency: Fewer errors in order management processing mean less time spent on issue resolution, corrections, and returns handling.

  • Shipping Costs: Accurate orders reduce shipping errors, which can be costly to rectify.

  • Customer Support Costs: Accurate orders lead to fewer customer inquiries and issues, reducing the cost of customer support.

Insights for Decision Making

Accurate order processing provides valuable data that can inform decision-making at various levels of a business:

  • Demand Forecasting: Order data can be used to analyze trends and make more accurate demand forecasts, optimizing inventory levels.

  • Product Performance: Analysis of order data can highlight top-selling products, helping businesses make informed decisions about stock levels and marketing strategies.

  • Customer Behavior: Order history can provide insights into customer preferences and behavior, informing marketing and product development strategies.

Building Trust and Reputation

A business's reputation is intricately linked to its capacity to consistently fulfill orders accurately and punctually. Accurate order processing:

  • Builds Trust: The consistent accuracy of orders fosters trust among customers, cultivating loyalty and encouraging positive word-of-mouth recommendations.

  • Enhances Reputation: A well-established reputation for dependable order management processing can draw in new customers and enhance a business's competitive position in the market.

  • Mitigates Negative Publicity: Accurate order management processing prevents negative reviews, complaints, or social media backlash, protecting a business's reputation.

In summary, accurate order management processing is a linchpin of customer satisfaction, cost efficiency, informed decision-making, and reputation building. It's a fundamental element that affects every aspect of a business's operations.

Challenges in Order Management

While order management is a critical aspect of business operations, it's not without its challenges. These challenges can vary depending on factors such as the nature of the business, industry specifics, and market conditions.

Inventory Issues

  • Overstocking: Holding excessive inventory can result in both storage expenses and the risk of potential obsolescence.

  • Understocking: Failing to keep adequate inventory levels can result in stockouts, missed sales, and customer dissatisfaction.

  • Inventory Accuracy: Maintaining accurate inventory records is challenging, and discrepancies can lead to errors in order management processing.

  • Demand Fluctuations: Predicting demand accurately is complex, and unexpected fluctuations can strain inventory management.

Demand Forecasting

  • Changing Customer Behavior: Rapid shifts in consumer behavior, such as buying patterns or channel preferences, can make demand forecasting challenging.

  • Seasonal Variations: Businesses with seasonal products must carefully manage inventory and predict demand accurately to avoid stockouts or overstocking.

  • Market Competition: Competition can introduce unexpected demand fluctuations, especially when competitors offer new products or promotions.

  • Data Availability: Accurate demand forecasting relies on quality data, which can be challenging to obtain.


  • Volume Increases: As a business grows, it must adapt to a higher volume of orders, which can strain existing order management processes and systems.

  • Infrastructure: Scalability requires a suitable infrastructure, including order management software and hardware that can handle increased demand.

  • Resource Allocation: Growing businesses must allocate resources efficiently to meet increasing order volumes.

Compliance and Regulatory Challenges

  • International Regulations: Businesses that operate internationally must navigate complex customs and trade regulations.

  • Data Protection: Adhering to data protection regulations, such as GDPR, is of paramount importance when managing customer information.

  • Product Compliance: Certain industries, such as pharmaceuticals or food, must adhere to strict regulatory standards for product handling.

Technology Integration

  • Legacy Systems: Integration with outdated or incompatible systems can be challenging, leading to data discrepancies and inefficiencies.

  • Third-Party Integration: Businesses often rely on third-party services for aspects like shipping and payment processing. Integrating these services seamlessly can be complex.

  • Data Security: As technology advances, ensuring data security is an ongoing challenge, especially when handling customer information.

Navigating these challenges requires proactive planning, strategic decision-making, and often the adoption of advanced technology solutions.

Order Management Software and Tools

In today's digital era, businesses have a wide array of order management solutions at their disposal.

Popular OMS Solutions

A variety of OMS solutions are accessible in the market, serving businesses of different sizes and industries. Among the popular OMS options are:

  • FarEye: FarEye empowers businesses with its advanced Order Management System (OMS) solution, ensuring seamless order management processing, real-time visibility, and efficient logistics, ultimately enhancing customer satisfaction and operational efficiency.

  • Shopify Plus: Shopify Plus provides an OMS integrated into its e-commerce platform, rendering it an excellent choice for online businesses.

  • SAP Commerce Cloud: SAP's OMS solution is designed for larger enterprises and provides robust order management capabilities.

  • Magento Commerce: Magento Commerce offers an OMS that is particularly well-suited for e-commerce businesses.

  • Oracle Order Management Cloud: Oracle's OMS solution is part of its comprehensive suite of cloud-based business applications.

  • IBM Order Management: IBM provides an OMS solution that offers order orchestration and fulfillment capabilities.

Selecting the most suitable OMS depends on the unique requirements and scale of the business. Assessing the features, scalability, and integrations provided by different OMS options is essential to determine the ideal fit.

Future Trends in Order Management

The business landscape is constantly evolving, and order management is no exception. Several trends are shaping the future of order management, including:

The Impact of E-commerce Growth

The continued growth of e-commerce is a significant driver of change in order management. The following trends are emerging in response to the expanding e-commerce sector:

  • Omnichannel Integration: Businesses are working to provide a seamless shopping experience across multiple channels, including online, in-store, and mobile.

  • BOPIS (Buy Online, Pick Up In-Store): BOPIS and curbside pickup options are becoming more common, offering convenience to customers.

  • Same-Day and Next-Day Delivery: E-commerce businesses are investing in fast and convenient shipping options to meet customer expectations.

  • Personalization: Leveraging data and technology, businesses are increasingly personalizing the shopping experience to boost customer loyalty.

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Order Management

Order management systems are progressively incorporating artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) technologies. These technologies are impacting order management in several ways:

  • Demand Forecasting: AI and ML can analyze historical data to enhance the accuracy of demand forecasting, thereby optimizing inventory management.

  • Predictive Analytics: Machine learning models have the capacity to identify trends and patterns, enabling businesses to make informed, data-driven decisions.

  • Automated Customer Support: AI-driven chatbots and virtual assistants are adept at addressing customer inquiries, tracking orders, and resolving issues effectively.

  • Dynamic Pricing: Machine learning algorithms have the capability to dynamically modify prices in response to demand, inventory status, and market conditions in real time.

  • Predictive Maintenance: In supply chain and logistics, AI can predict maintenance needs for vehicles and equipment, reducing disruptions.

Sustainability and Green Supply Chain Practices

Sustainability is an escalating concern in the business world, and it is now starting to shape order management practices.

  • Green Packaging: Businesses are adopting eco-friendly packaging materials and minimizing excess packaging.

  • Reduced Carbon Footprint: Sustainable logistics practices, such as optimizing shipping routes, are being embraced to reduce carbon emissions.

  • Ethical Sourcing: Customers are increasingly concerned about the ethical sourcing of products, leading businesses to be more transparent about their supply chains.

  • Circular Economy: The concept of a circular economy, emphasizing waste reduction and product reuse, is exerting an influence on supply chain and order management practices.

  • Reverse Logistics: As the importance of recycling and reusing materials grows, reverse logistics for returns and recycling is becoming more significant.


In today's world of e-commerce, technology, and data-driven insights, order management is not just a back-office function; it's a strategic asset that can drive customer satisfaction, operational efficiency, and business growth. By staying informed about the latest order management trends and continuously refining their practices, businesses can set themselves up for long-term success.

Komal puri

Komal Puri is a seasoned professional in the logistics and supply chain industry. As the Senior Director of Marketing and a subject matter expert at FarEye, she has been instrumental in shaping the industry narrative for the past decade. Her expertise and insights have earned her numerous awards and recognition. Komal’s writings reflect her deep understanding of the industry, offering valuable insights and thought leadership.

Komal Puri
Sr. Director of Marketing | FarEye

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