Why Is Shipping So Expensive?


By FarEye | July 6, 2023

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In the realm of business, shipping costs can be a significant burden, affecting profitability and customer satisfaction. From small enterprises to large corporations, understanding why shipping is so expensive is crucial for optimizing operational expenses and delivering value to customers. In this blog, we embark on a journey to demystify the factors driving the high costs of shipping in the business world. By shedding light on the intricacies of the shipping industry, businesses can gain valuable insights into the underlying reasons behind expensive shipping and explore strategies to mitigate costs, streamline logistics, and enhance their overall competitiveness in the market.

7 Reasons Why Shipping Is So Expensive

Shipping costs can be influenced by various factors, and understanding these reasons can provide valuable insights into why shipping is often expensive. Here are seven key factors that contribute to the high costs of shipping:

  1. Fuel Prices and Market Conditions: Shipping expenses are greatly influenced by the cost of fuel. Ships, airplanes, and trucks rely heavily on fossil fuels for transportation. Fluctuating oil prices, influenced by geopolitical events and market dynamics, directly affect shipping costs. When fuel prices rise, the expenses associated with transporting goods increase as well. The volatility of fuel prices creates uncertainty and adds to the overall cost of shipping.

  2. Infrastructure and Maintenance Costs: The shipping industry requires an extensive network of infrastructure, including ports, warehouses, and transportation vehicles. Maintaining and developing these facilities incurs significant costs. Port operations require ongoing maintenance, upgrades, and adherence to safety regulations. Transportation fleets need to be regularly maintained, and new technologies and equipment must be adopted to stay competitive. All these factors contribute to the expenses associated with shipping.

  3. Distance and Delivery Speed: Determining shipping costs heavily relies on the distance that a shipment needs to travel. Longer distances require more fuel, labor, and time. Shipping goods across international borders or to remote locations can involve multiple modes of transportation, which further adds to the expenses. Additionally, the speed of delivery is a factor. Expedited or express delivery services often come at a premium due to the need for additional resources and prioritization within the shipping network.
  4. Customs Duties and Regulations: International shipping involves complying with complex customs duties and regulations. Governments impose import and export tariffs, taxes, and fees that must be accounted for in shipping costs. Navigating customs procedures requires additional paperwork, inspections, and administrative processes, all of which contribute to the overall expenses of shipping goods across borders.

  5. Packaging and Handling Requirements: Ensuring the safe and secure transportation of goods relies heavily on proper packaging and handling. Different types of products have varying packaging and handling requirements. Fragile or perishable items, for example, may require specialized materials and handling procedures to prevent damage or spoilage. Meeting carrier regulations for packaging can be costly but helps reduce the risk of loss or damage during transit.

  6. Insurance and Liability: To mitigate risks associated with shipping, businesses often opt for insurance coverage. Insurance premiums add to the overall shipping expenses. By securing insurance, businesses protect themselves against potential losses due to theft, damage, accidents, or other unforeseen circumstances during transit. Although insurance offers peace of mind, it does add to the overall cost of shipping.

  7. Supply and Demand: The dynamics of supply and demand within the industry also play a role in influencing shipping costs. When demand for shipping services exceeds supply, prices tend to rise. Factors such as seasonal fluctuations, peak periods, and disruptions (e.g., natural disasters or global crises) can impact supply and demand imbalances. During high-demand periods, available shipping capacity may become scarce, leading to higher costs for businesses.

How to Determine Shipping Costs?

Determining shipping costs involves considering several factors. While the exact method may vary depending on the shipping carrier or logistics provider you work with, here are the key steps involved in calculating shipping costs:

  1. Identify Package Specifications: Determine the size, weight, and dimensions of the package you intend to ship. Precise measurements are crucial as they directly impact shipping costs.

  2. Choose Shipping Method: Select the appropriate shipping method based on the urgency of delivery, such as standard ground, expedited, or overnight. Faster shipping options generally come with higher costs.

  3. Consider Destination and Distance: Determine the shipping destination and calculate the distance the package needs to travel. Increased fuel consumption and the need for additional transportation resources typically lead to higher shipping costs for longer distances.

  4. Evaluate Weight or Dimensional Weight: To determine costs, shipping carriers take into account the greater value between the package's actual weight and its dimensional weight (also known as volumetric weight). Dimensional weight is calculated by considering the package's dimensions and evaluating its volume in relation to its weight.

  5. Assess Additional Services: Determine if any additional services are required, such as insurance, signature confirmation, or special handling for fragile or oversized items. These services may incur additional charges.

  6. Consider Customs and Duties (for international shipping): When shipping internationally, it is essential to conduct research and have a clear understanding of the customs duties, taxes, and fees imposed by the destination country. These additional costs should be taken into account when calculating the overall shipping expenses.

  7. Utilize Shipping Calculators or Request Quotes: Shipping carriers or logistics providers typically offer online shipping calculators or quote request forms on their websites. Enter the relevant information, including package details, destination, and shipping method, to obtain an estimate of the shipping costs.

  8. Compare Shipping Options: Consider multiple carriers or logistics providers to compare shipping rates and services. To make a well-informed decision, consider factors such as reliability, transit time, and customer reviews.

Strategies to Mitigate Increased Shipping Costs

Mitigating increased shipping costs is a priority for many businesses seeking to optimize their operations. Here are some strategies that can help mitigate the impact of rising shipping costs:

  1. Negotiate Shipping Rates: Establish relationships with shipping carriers or logistics providers and negotiate discounted rates based on your shipping volume. Many providers offer customized pricing options for businesses shipping large quantities, allowing you to secure more favorable shipping rates.

  2. Optimize Packaging: Review your packaging practices to ensure they are efficient and minimize excess weight and size. Using appropriate packaging materials and right-sizing boxes or envelopes can help reduce dimensional weight charges and lower shipping costs.

  3. Consolidate Shipments: Whenever possible, consolidate multiple orders or shipments into a single shipment. Combining items into one package reduces the number of individual shipments, leading to potential volume discounts and lower overall shipping costs.

  4. Explore Regional Warehousing: Consider establishing regional fulfillment centers or warehouses closer to your customers. This strategy, known as distributed warehousing, reduces shipping distances, transit times, and costs by enabling faster and more cost-effective local deliveries.

  5. Utilize Third-Party Logistics (3PL) Providers: Partnering with 3PL providers can help optimize shipping costs by leveraging their expertise, infrastructure, and negotiated rates. 3PLs can provide consolidated shipping options, access to discounted carrier rates, and value-added services, helping you streamline your logistics and reduce costs.

  6. Consider Shipping Alternatives: Evaluate alternative shipping methods or carriers to find cost-effective options. Depending on your specific needs, alternatives like regional carriers, postal services, or freight shipping may offer competitive rates for certain shipments.

  7. Implement Real-Time Rate Shopping: Utilize shipping software or platforms that offer real-time rate shopping capabilities. By considering package details, destination, and service level, these tools compare shipping rates from multiple carriers, enabling you to select the most cost-effective option for each shipment.

  8. Optimize Order Fulfillment Processes: Streamline your order fulfillment processes to reduce errors, minimize returns, and improve efficiency. Efficient order processing and accurate inventory management can help minimize unnecessary shipping costs associated with incorrect or duplicate shipments.

  9. Evaluate Customer Pricing and Shipping Options: Review your pricing and shipping strategies to ensure they align with your business goals. Consider incorporating shipping costs into product pricing or offering tiered shipping options where customers can choose between faster, more expensive shipping or slower, more economical options.

How FarEye's Last-Mile Delivery Software Can Reduce Shipping Costs

FarEye's Last-mile delivery software offers several features and capabilities that can help reduce shipping costs. Here are some ways FarEye can contribute to cost reduction in last-mile delivery:

  1. Dynamic Routing Optimization: FarEye's software optimizes delivery routes in real-time based on factors such as distance, traffic conditions, and delivery time windows. By creating the most efficient routes, it reduces fuel consumption and mileage, leading to lower transportation costs.

  2. Load Balancing and Route Consolidation: The software intelligently balances the workload across delivery agents and consolidates orders for efficient routing. This reduces the number of vehicles needed for deliveries, resulting in cost savings by maximizing vehicle capacity and reducing empty miles.

  3. Real-time Tracking and Visibility: FarEye offers real-time visibility into the delivery process, enabling businesses to track the location and status of each delivery. This visibility enables proactive monitoring, timely interventions, and better coordination, minimizing delivery delays, and associated costs.

  4. Customer Self-service Options: FarEye's software enables customer self-service functionalities such as rescheduling deliveries, selecting preferred time slots, or redirecting shipments. By empowering customers to choose convenient delivery options, it reduces failed delivery attempts and associated costs.

  5. Intelligent Exception Management: The software automatically detects and manages delivery exceptions, such as address changes, order cancellations, or unsuccessful delivery attempts. By streamlining exception handling, it reduces the need for manual intervention, decreases reattempt costs, and enhances operational efficiency.

  6. Data Analytics and Insights: FarEye's software provides comprehensive analytics and reports on delivery performance, including metrics such as delivery time, first attempt success rate, and driver productivity. By providing valuable insights, these observations aid in identifying bottlenecks, optimizing processes, and making data-driven decisions to minimize costs and enhance overall efficiency.

  7. Integration with Carrier Networks: FarEye integrates with various shipping carriers, enabling businesses to access carrier rates, services, and capabilities through a single platform. This integration ensures optimal carrier selection based on cost and service level, facilitating cost-effective shipping decisions.

  8. Automation and Paperless Processes: FarEye's software automates various manual processes, such as order assignment, dispatching, and proof of delivery, reducing paperwork and administrative overhead. By eliminating manual errors and streamlining workflows, it enhances productivity, reduces labor costs, and increases operational efficiency.

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